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Nobody must be punished physically. in Estonia as of 1 January 2016 physical punishment of children is prohibited under the Child Protection Act. The term ‘physical punishment’ also covers, inter alia, such methods as hair-pulling, slapping, shaking or pushing.

The use of both physical as well as psychological abuse to punish a child is prohibited; this constitutes violation of the child’s rights in terms of physical integrity, human dignity and equal protection by law. The Penal Code stipulates punishment for any physical abuse: physical abuse is any use of force and causing pain to punish a child: pulling hair, slapping, birching, pushing, kicking, beating. Psychological abuse means mocking, humiliating, insulting a child.

Children have obligation that they need to fulfil, the Child Protection Act describes a child’s obligations towards the society. A child is a full member of the society. The duties towards the society grow along with the age. A child must behave with dignity and observe the rules of their place of residence, work and study. First you should try and tell them to stop. If possible, it is advisable to leave the place or ask an adult at the scene for help. If such actions do not stop, you are welcome to call the Child Helpline Service at 116 111 or the police at 112.

If you fall victim of an offence you should report it as soon as possible to the police at 112, and to act according to their instructions, or call the Child Helpline Service at 116 111.

You can also report a crime to the police by going to the nearest police station. The police respond to all calls as soon as possible.

In order to help the police try to remember the defining features of the perpetrator; if the perpetrator used a car, try to remember its make, colour and registration number. Do not wash yourself before the evidence have been collected; they are needed to charge the person who raped or attacked you. If proceedings are initiated, it is possible to ensure anonymity, if necessary, the court hearing may also be held in camera; write down the names and addresses of witnesses.